Wednesday, March 20, 2013

Dubu Kimchi - Tofu with Stir Fried Kimchi and Pork Belly

Korean BBQs are known for its DIY affair, where you order piles of meat to barbecue on an open grill at your table, but there are lots of other great dishes you can order that don’t require cooking yourself. It’s also good to have something to consume while you wait for the meat to cook and give you the energy to fight for the meat once it’s done. It always feel like a cowboy shooting showdown where it’s a race to see who will draw the tongs first to grab the meat and who is left behind for the next round of grilled meat. The usual suspects are Korean pancakes, noodles and dumplings but another dish that I am particularly fond of is Dubu Kimchi, which is kimchi stir fried with pork and served with sliced tofu. I first came across this dish at Hwa Ra Korean Restaurant last year. I love the combination of kimchi with pork belly, and the textural contrast of the slices of meat and chunks of kimchi against the silken tofu which absorbs all the flavours of the other ingredients.

 (My first Dubu Kimchi at Hwa Ra Korean Restaurant)

To replicate this dish at home I looked up a few recipes and my version is largely based on Andrea Nguyen’s recipe from her cookbook Asian Tofu but I also added additional seasonings including gochujang (Korean hot bean paste) and soy sauce to adapt the flavour to my desired taste.

A lot of people who cook harp on about making things from scratch all the time and I’m definitely someone who tries to make a lot of food from scratch and for me, a lot of it is about understanding how food comes together and being in control of the flavours and end results. I find the whole process of cooking fascinating. But I don’t make everything from scratch, sometimes it’s not practical or I just need a little of something so I allow myself a few convenient store bought goods.

(Jar of store bought kimchi)

I didn’t make the kimchi myself. I haven’t made kimchi from scratch yet. I know that it’s a relatively simple process but you need to give it some time to allow it to ferment and develop its unique flavour. Kimchi is also one of those things where if you go through the process of making it, you end up making a large quantity of it, at least a kilo if you take into account that you use a whole cabbage. I am unlikely to go through that much kimchi on my own. Similar to if you make jam, you’re not just going to end up with one jar but at least half a dozen. It’s easier for me to buy a small tub of kimchi from my local Asian supermarket whenever I need a fix.

Are there any food items that you buy rather than make because you just need a small amount of it?

What I found interesting about Andrea Nguyen’s recipe was that she adjusted the flavour of mature kimchi by adding in some sugar and red chilli powder. This makes sense because as kimchi ages, overtime its flavour profile will change through fermentation as it ripens and it becomes more sour. So you can freshen up the flavour of the kimchi by adding in a little sugar to temper it’s sourness and some chilli powder to turn up the heat if desired. So I discovered that I could muck around with the chemistry of kimchi!

When I have eaten kimchi it’s usually on its own but it’s often used in stir fries. This was the first time that I have used kimchi in a stir fry and it’s definitely something I will be doing more often.

Dubu Kimchi - Tofu with Stir Fried Kimchi and Pork Belly
(Adapted from Andrea Nguyen’s recipe in Asian Tofu)

•    Vegetable oil for frying
•    300-400g of tofu
•    ~ 200g pork belly, thinly sliced
•    1 packed cup of kimchi, drained of pickling liquid, seasoned with ½ teaspoon sugar and ¼ teaspoon of red chilli powder or to taste
•    1 shallot, sliced
•    1 teaspoon grated ginger
•    1-2 cloves minced garlic
Seasonings to taste
•    2-3 teaspoons gochujang (Korean hot bean paste)
•    1 teaspoon light soy sauce
•    ½ - 1 teaspoon sugar
•    1 teaspoon sesame oil

Garnish with toasted sesame seeds and thinly sliced spring onion 

Notes: The pork needs to be sliced thinly so that it absorbs the flavour of the kimchi better. To make slicing easier, out the pork in the freezer until it is slightly frozen/firmer and use a very sharp knife.


In a saucepan large enough to fit the tofu, fill with 4-5cm of water and a pinch of salt, and bring to boil. Then turn off the heat and place the tofu in the pan of water to warm through while you make stir fry.

If necessary, cut the kimchi into 1-1 ½ inch pieces, then transfer to a bowl. Season the kimchi with some sugar and red chilli powder to offset its tartness and adjust the heat to desired taste so that it is pleasantly sour-sweet with a light spicy kick. 

Heat wok with 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil and add in slices of pork. Stir fry the pork pieces until they are slightly brown. Add in the shallots, garlic and ginger and stir fry for 30-60 seconds. Then add in the seasoned kimchi. Cook, stirring frequently for about 3-4 minutes to allow the pork to absorb the flavours of the kimchi (test by tasting the pork).

(Stir frying pork belly)

Then add in some gochujang, light soy sauce and sugar to desired taste, stir fry everything together. Turn off the heat and stir in sesame oil.

Pour off the water from tofu, slice into 1-1.5 cm thick blocks and arrange on a plate. Transfer the kimchi and pork onto the plate and garnish with toasted sesame seeds and spring onion.

Related post - another Korean dish Korean Chilli Chicken Stir Fry

Thursday, March 14, 2013

Fried Tofu with Salted Fish, Minced Chicken and Prawns

If I was a fish, I would be insulted.

What’s with all the rumours about me having a 3 second memory? Well, guess what? It's not true! Scientists have found that I can actually recall information for months. Just seems like an excuse to put fishy in a corner. Do you think I’m not aware that all I see is my own tail in my fishbowl?

I’m always the most disposable species. “I’m vegetarian but I eat fish - it's ok to eat fish because their brains are too small, they don’t have consciousness, they don’t have any feelings, they don’t feel pain...” I mean what am I? A swimming vegetable? 

Sometimes I’m made to feel important. I’ve always got a market price attached to me but then I'm overfished and the payback is that now the sharks are coming closer to shore and going after you humans (!) 

Some don’t like eating me because they think I smell weird, apparently I smell too fishy for some people. I might be white meat but the reality is that I don’t taste like chicken. 

People don’t like to eat cats and dogs because they are kept as pets and therefore it’s unimaginable that you would eat them, but no one takes offence at me being eaten and I’m a pet too!

 If I was a fish, I would feel underappreciated.


Tofu is underappreciated too.

It’s accused of being bland and flavourless. People don’t like the texture of tofu or think it smells weird.  

I do not understand people who do not like tofu because I LOVE tofu and I LOVE fish too.

Especially dried Chinese salted fish. Some people might think that it stinks and it’s known as poor man’s food as it’s inexpensive, can be kept for a long time and a little goes a long way. Salted fish can also be an acquired taste but I’ve grown up on it and it provides a tasty hit of umami. It enhances the flavour of a dish, similar to the way anchovies can be used to intensify the flavours of dishes. Salted fish provides a distinctive aroma and savouriness to dishes that always whets my appetite. I tend to eat more of a dish when there is salted fish in it.

Salted fish is commonly used in Cantonese cooking and you’ll always find some variation of a salted fish and tofu dish at a Cantonese restaurant. 

This is one of the most flavoursome tofu dishes I know how to cook. It has become the default tofu dish for my family whenever tofu is on the table as my whole family enjoys it. It's the addition of the salted fish that makes it a hit, which along with the tomato sauce, provides a rich umami flavour.

(You can buy dried Chinese dried salted fish from Asian supermarkets)
 (Chinese dried salted fish)

Fried Tofu with Salted Fish and Minced Chicken/Prawns

(An original recipe Blue Apocalypse learnt from her dad)


•    600g box of tofu
•    1-2 tablespoons vegetable oil
•    Meat - 150g of chicken thigh + 90g of prawns (approx 5 prawns shelled and deveined) seasoned with ¼ teaspoon of fish sauce, ½ teaspoon of oyster sauce, pinch salt and pepper.
•    15-20g piece of salted fish, finely chopped
•    2-3 cloves of garlic, minced
•    1 teaspoon ginger, grated
•    ½ red onion, sliced
•    1 ½ teaspoon sambal oelek
•    1 teaspoon fish sauce
•    2 teaspoons oyster sauce
•    2 tablespoons tomato sauce
•    ½ teaspoon sugar
•    1 cup chicken stock
•    salt and white pepper to taste
•    ½ - 1 teaspoon of cornflour mixed with water (for thickening sauce)


Finely chop the chicken and prawns with a cleaver so that it resembles mince. Add the finely chopped salted fish and season with a little fish sauce, oyster sauce, salt and pepper. Combine everything together, cover and refrigerate for an hour. 

(Chopping all the meat and seasonings together)

The box of tofu usually comes in 6 cubes which I quarter into logs. You can deep fry the pieces of tofu but I like to pan fry them in 0.5cm of oil in a frying pan. Turning regularly so that all sides are browned. Then remove and drain on paper towels.

(Pan fried tofu)

Discard the remaining oil from frying the tofu, heat a little vegetable oil in frying pan and stir fry the meat with garlic and ginger until golden brown. Then add sliced onion, sambal oelek, oyster sauce, fish sauce, tomato sauce and sugar, stir fry to combine and add stock. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Add in the tofu and simmer for a few minutes. 

Serve with steamed rice.

Here are some of my other tofu recipes:

Friday, March 8, 2013

Chocolate Beetroot Tart with Roasted Figs

Do you like the look of this tart? 

The pastry tart shell contains yoghurt and it is filled with chocolate and beetroot, topped with roasted figs :)

We Love Perth is a blog that shares all the amazing things Perth has to offer. Throughout March they are featuring guest posts by some Perth food bloggers and I agreed to create a recipe using some fresh local produce.

To read more about where I buy my ingredients and get the recipe for this tart, check out my post on the We Love Perth blog :)